Chitragupt Shrivastava popularly known as only Chitragupt was the renowned Bollywood music director of 1960's. Chitragupt was born in 1917 in Karmaini village from Gopalganj district of Bihar. Before turning into music direction, Chitragupt has previously done the job of lecturer in Patna. He is arguably the high qualified music director of Indian cinema. He had done double post-graduate- MA in Economics and Journalism. When he was working as lecturer in Patna, he left it and ran away to Bombay (Mumbai- film destination of India, where Bollywood resides) to pursue career in music direction.
In his early career in Mumbai, he started assisting S.N. Tripathi. Tripathi was a popular music director of 1940's. Chitragupt get a chance as independent music director with Ramnik Vaidya's Toofan Queen in 1946. But the film didn't give him recognition as prominent music director. Then after years of struggle he found success in 1952 with the film Sindbad The Sailor. A song from the film 'Adaa Se Jhumate Huye' which was a duet of Mohammad Rafi and Shamshad Begum became hit and topped the charts.
Later the music director S.D. Burman recommended his name to Meiyappan of AVM studios and like this AVM signed him. His first film with AVM was Shiv Bhakt in 1955. In his association with AVM, he gave the hit films like Main Bhi Ladki Hoon, Barkha, Main Chup Rahoongi and Bhabhi.
Later he split away from his guru S. N. Tripathi, because of having some difference in their approach to Western music. In his career Chitragupt has worked with every top singer including Shamshad Begum, Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle, Mukesh, Talat Mehmood, Mahendra Kapoor to new ones like Amit Kumar and Anuradha Paudwal.
Besides music composition, Chitragupt also was a good singer and lyricist. He had written lyrics for many of his composition. Also he had sung around 30 of his compositions. Chitragupt also had worked with almost every top lyricist of his time like Majrooh Sultanpuri, Anand Bakshi, Rajinder Krishan, Sahir and Prem Dhawan. With Sahir, he gave the hit numbers like 'Ye Parbato Ke Daayare' and 'Itani Naazuk Na Bano' in film Vasna.
Chitragupt's other notable films as music composer includes Vasna, Aplam Chaplam, Ek Raaz, Bada Aadmi, Opera House, Oonche Log, Zabak, and many more. Along with Hindi films, he also had done music composition for Bhojpuri, Gujrati and Punjabi films.
Chitragupt go weak due to a heart attack in 1968 and a paralysis attack in 1974. But he successfully recovered from it and even composed for films after that. However, he passed away on January 14, 1991. His last film was Insaaf Ki Manzil in 1988. Later his sons Anand and Milind formed a team of music composers called Anand-Milind. Anand and Milind had assisted their father Chitragupt for 8 years. Anand-Milind also became popular composers, who are remembered for their songs in film Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak.
Chitragupt - Popular Compositions